Now we have access to education in the heart of our village
With support from the World Bank, the Welfare Association for the Development of Afghanistan (WADAN) successfully implements the Afghan-government project Targeting the Ultra-Poor Project (TUP) in Khak-e-Jabar, Dehsabz, Chahar Asyab, Musehi, and Qarabagh Districts of Kabul Province.
WADAN-TUP works to identify the neediest families in a community and assist them in the four sectors of Livestock, Health, Social, and Livelihood. The goal is to reduce the vulnerability and improve the livelihood, income, food security and nutritional status of ultra-poor and vulnerable rural households on a sustainable basis. This project will strengthen coordination between Afghan government and the citizens.
Most villagers in Wali Khail Village suffer from poverty and a lack of educational facilities. The village, located in a remote area of Khak-e-Jabar District, lacks schools and other facilities. Children have no access to education in their village and the adults walk miles to attend school and continue their education. A school to provide primary education to the children has been a vital need of the residents
Through the TUP Program WADAN identified the ultra-poor families in Wali Khail and distributed a milk cow to each. Coordination meetings are regularly conducted with community elders, Mullahs and Maliks to strengthen their relations with the Afghan government and help them work with ultra-poor families to solve their health, social, and livelihood problems. Through these meetings WADAN has encouraged the village leaders to request education and other facilities from their local government.
Since TUP is a government initiative and building close bilateral relations between citizens and the Afghan government is a key goal of the project, Khak-e-Jabar’s community elders and Maliks have strongly requested the district officials open a nine-month school for the children in their village. Malik Toor Muhammad said, “WADAN’s program organizers have strengthened our relations not only with the government, but with other community elders in Khak-e-Jabar District. They provide us the opportunity to have direct contact with district officials to discuss issues. WADAN has been a bridge between us and the government.’’
Twenty students of this class belongs to TUP beneficiaries. Ms. Saera, a TUP beneficiary in Wali Khail Village said, “Now my daughters have schoolbooks, a teacher, and a class in the heart of our village. It seemed unbelievable or impossible in this isolated desert area to seek knowledge. This tent may not have high value, but we are sure that it will be replaced by a large village school. This class will teach our children that seeking knowledge will improve our future and encourage people regardless of their age to get education.”
Legal Outreach and Awareness Project
On September 10, 2017, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) funded the Legal Outreach and Awareness Project to be implemented by WADAN. This outreach project is part of the USAID Assistance for the Development of Afghan Legal Access and Transparency (ADALAT) Project implemented by CHECCHI and Company Consulting, Inc. The program goal is to raise awareness of and accessibility by illiterate and semi-illiterate residents to their legal rights including education, health, employment, and marriage in rural communities of Center Pul-e-Alam and Mohammad Agha Districts of Logar Province. The project will run from September 10, 2017 through September 09, 2018. During the project WADAN will distribute 12 wall clocks, 160 tea pots, 390 mugs, 640 pens, and 170 diaries printed with legal messages to the 1,372 semi-illiterate, illiterate, and marginalized men, women and youth, teachers and students living in Pul-e-Alam and Mohammad Agha Districts.
WADAN will also conduct awareness campaigns, workshops, training sessions, and celebrations of women’s, youth and peace days to convey legal information based on existing Afghan law and moderate Sharia. A Justice Directorate phone number will be activated in the two districts’ judicial offices to provide legal information.
WADAN will increase, encourage, and strengthen the presence of community in social affairs and create provincial and district level legal rights advocacy networks from among the better-educated residents, community elders, teachers, local media, and Civil Society Organizations.
A total of 1,372 students, teachers, and marginalized citizens will benefit directly, and 21,645 residents in the participating districts will indirectly benefit from the project.
Targeting the Ultra Poor
Together, the Government of Afghanistan from the President’s Office to the district officials, MISFA and WADAN work to improve the lives of marginalized and ultra-poor families through providing the ways and means for them to become self-sufficient and prosperous socially and economically through Targeting the Ultra Poor (TUP) Program projects in selected provinces.
On July 30th and 31st 2017 the project closure ceremonies in Kunar and Laghman Provinces were well attended by local government authorities, Maliks, Mullahs, the media, and project participants. In the July WADAN signed Memorandum of Understandings with the District Development Assemblies (DDAs) and Community Development Councils (CDCs) of the participating districts in Laghman and Kunar Provinces intended to ensure follow-up the growth process of the TUP participants in their progress for further improvements in their lives. The Assemblies and Councils will further work to build former TUP participants’ ties with their communities and the social services provided locally by the Afghan government. Since TUP participants have risen from being social outcasts stigmatized by extreme poverty and social ineptitude they require kind attention from concerned citizens to bolster confidence and ensure long lasting inclusion in community affairs.
WADAN now implements TUP in Kandahar and Kabul Provinces. These projects started November 01, 2016 and will continue through October 31, 2019. TUP is an Afghan government program that aims to strengthen state to citizens’ relations through providing primarily female-headed households with the ability to become food secure and financially solvent. In Kabul there are 1,500 participants and 1,000 in Kandahar will gain necessary skills in the health, livelihood, social and livestock sectors. The productive livestock component, for example calf-producing milk cows, and the monthly stipends beneficiaries receive will enable them to start business enterprises. They will also participate in literacy education and be encouraged to send their children to school rather than to work to contribute to the family’s income. TUP also provides financial education – banking fundamentals like how to open and maintain savings accounts.
The selection of ultra-poor families who would be included in TUP was conducted through what is called Participatory Rural Appraisal. Several household visits were conducted in the five participating Kabul Province districts of Chahar Asyab, Qarabagh, Dehsabz, Khak-e-Jabbar and Musehi and in the three participating districts in Kandahar Province: Spin Boldak, Dand and the Kandahar City.
In June 2017, WADAN began the three-month procurement and distribution process of animals in both provinces. An assets selection committee comprised of skilled veterinarians from the Directorate of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock and those employed by WADAN as well as other project employees was formed. Committee members must examine and select the cows, goats, and sheep based on strictly set criteria before purchasing them for delivery to the districts and distribution to the beneficiaries.
Also, WADAN conducted several trainings for TUP participants to teach them ways of increasing their assets’ products and to improve their lives through starting small and village-based businesses. For this purpose in the upcoming two years, our TUP team will regularly pay several household visits sharing with people important messages regarding their livestock and livelihood, health and overall financial welfare, and the value of life-long education.
Marjan: a Woman in Recovery
War, poverty, and illiteracy have adversely affected every Afghan family. Rural areas suffer deeply from widespread drug addiction and yet receive the least attention.
Marjan, aged 32, was born into a poor family in a remote village; she became an accomplished carpet weaver but her personal story is heartbreaking. Married off at age 14, she became a mother three years later. Marjan wove carpets full time for income, a job she found tedious and physically demanding. She was responsible for the care of her husband and children and the family’s animals. These responsibilities were difficult to manage, especially after the birth of her second child.
Noticing her suffering, neighbor women encouraged Marjan to use opium and instructed her to blow smoke into her baby’s face to silence the child so she could work more efficiently. Unaware of the consequences, she began using opium and continued to use it to help her sleep and for pain control. By the time she learned about the consequences of opium use it was too late. She had lost her health and her ability to work. Since she continuously needed opium in larger amounts the financial status of her family suffered.
After fifteen years of addiction she lost everything as finally her husband forced her to return to her parents. Then Marjan’s father desperately began a search for treatment for his daughter. He learned about WADAN and brought her to the treatment center. Initially, Marjan was devastated. She thought of nothing except drugs. Once treatment began she began to consider positive change.
For Marjan, societal abuse and stigma was a terrible experience; a barrier to her recovery and ability to think about change. She states emphatically that opium farmers and drug suppliers are enemies of society and action should be taken against them.
In Ramadan 2017, Marjan was discharged from the center. She anticipates a healthy life and hopes to return to her husband. While drug use took away her joy, she hopes now to enjoy life, to take care of her children and help them mature into good people.
Back to Learning: an Introduction
The Welfare Association for the Development of Afghanistan (WADAN) signed a partnership agreement with The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in Kabul on April 17, 2017 to implement the Back to Learning (BTL) project. This UNICEF-funded awareness creation campaign; implemented in Kabul, Kandahar and Nangarhar Provinces ending on October 16, 2017, with a goal is to facilitate access to learning at local educational facilities for the children of 10,000 returnees and internally displaced people (IDP) as well as other out-of-school children. Under this project, WADAN will cover Dehsabz and the metropolitan area in Kabul, Punjwaye and provincial municipal areas in Kandahar, and Surkhroad, Behsood, Kama, Rodat and provincial municipal areas in Nangarhar.
To achieve this goal, WADAN will spread information and convey messages focused on encouraging school enrollment in the zero points (border areas between Pakistan and Afghanistan), and at UNCHR Encashment Centers where UNHCR distributes stipends to returning Afghans. These campaigns will be conducted in the communities where the returnees settle. Dedicated radio clips on enrolling children in classes will be produced and then broadcast on local radio outlets to mobilize the returnees, IDPs and local communities. During the project, BTL staff will design, produce, and distribute brochures, leaflets, and posters describing and addressing the importance of education and schooling of all children in Afghanistan. These printed materials will be distributed at the encashment centers and the posters put up in villages, bazaars, in front of mosques, and other public places in the participating districts.
WADAN implements this project in close collaboration and coordination with the Ministry of Education, Department of School Management Shuras, their provincial and district level departments, local School Management Shuras as well as the UNICEF, UNHCR and International Organization for Migration (IOM) zonal offices, and other relevant government and civil society institutions.
WADAN Promotes Social and Political Accountability
Community elders discussing regional problems and solutions at the WADAN NMA General Assembly in Kabul in 2007.
A citizen of a well-functioning democracy has many responsibilities. In strong democracies, citizens have responsibilities such as paying taxes, participating in elections, and they should pursue their rights in accordance with the law.
To a great extent, a strong democracy and effective democratic governance come through the practice of social accountability. This form of responsibility emerges through civic education and actions by citizens and civil society organizations that intend to strengthen the relations between citizens and their government. State and government authorities, at the national, regional, and community levels are legally and ethically answerable for pledges they have made as well as for the rights to govern that are authorized by law.
Social accountability strengthens the links between governments and citizens, which improves the focus on public service delivery, monitors government performances, highlights the needs of vulnerable people in policy making and implementation, demands transparency and a decrease in corruption, and empowers marginalized people and involves citizens. When there are on-going active social accountability practices from the community level up, people are involved in discussing policies and plans, budgets and expenditures, delivery of services and other important aspects of participatory democracy. Without an active citizenry the culture of corruption prevails.
Since its establishment in 2002, WADAN has delivered many programs to encourage social and political accountability through engaging the traditionally most influential people at the grassroots, the Maliks who are the civic leaders, and the Mullahs who are the faces of religion that is the center point of village life. Through a program that supported the propagation of political transparency and socio-political accountability, WADAN encouraged the establishment of the National Malik’s Association (NMA) in 2005. Currently, with around 31,000 male and female members and 60,000 Malik’s trained in democratic rights, responsibilities, and procedures, the NMA builds bridges between citizens and government. These bridges are built through workshops and training on peace and justice, the rule of law, effective leadership, social mobilization, anti-corruption, transparency, and social accountability.
WADAN has conducted numerous town hall meetings, focus group discussions, and conferences at the national, regional and community levels that provided opportunities for
WADAN has conducted numerous town hall meetings, focus group discussions, and conferences at the national, regional and community levels that provided opportunities for Maliks, Mullahs, women and youth to have face-to-face discussions with government authorities to request their rights and to participate in the fight against corruption.
As an example, receiving a national ID or Tazkera is the right of every Afghan. However the long and complicated process to get a Tazkera is problematic for most people and this has caused a breech between the government and citizens. In Nangarhar Province, to encourage citizens to apply for a Tazkera and to simplify the process, WADAN produced radio messages that were broadcast by local stations, put on billboards, and printed in booklets that were widely distributed. WADAN facilitated the installation of a complaint box in the Nangarhar Provincial Population Directorate that provides an easily accessible opportunity for people to submit their concerns and report bribes and corruption issues. A committee comprised of several civil society organizations, various provincial directorates, and locally influential people were hired to assess the complaints and respond to the issues. So far, around 50 people have put their complaints in this box and all have been addressed and resolved by the committee. As the result, in studying these complaints the committee identified the problems in the Nangarhar Provincial Registration Directorate (PRD) and has further simplified the Tazkera process. According to responses to our questionnaires, citizens are motivated to use the complaint box and to report their problems and concerns.
Another of WADAN’s approaches in promoting social accountability and transparency was to organize and conduct live radio programs and televised panel discussions hosting community elders, religious scholars, and local government authorities who took questions directly from their audiences. In a society where literacy is low, this kind of programming helps people understand their legal rights and responsibilities, promotes good governance and helps government officials and community authorities understand people’s problems by openly addressing the underlying issues related to developing a healthy democracy.
In 2017, the Director of Nangarhar Population Registration Directorate explains the Tazkera acquisition procedure and how to use a complaint box
TUP-WADAN has created an idea of saving and through this, I have made a cheese to sell in the market and wish to enhance this business.
With support from the World Bank through MISFA, the Welfare Association for the Development of Afghanistan (WADAN) implements the Targeting Ultra Poor Project (TUP) in Mehtarlam, Qarghayee, Alishing and Alingar Districts of Laghman Province.
The TUP-WADAN team worked to identify the socioeconomically most vulnerable families and the program is designed to assist them to succeed using Livestock, Health, Social and Livelihood as the vehicles of positive change. TUP seeks to improve lives through livelihood, educating the children, food security and improved nutrition and healthcare on a sustainable basis.
Farooq is a resident of Qala-e-Mahbas Village in Mehtarlam District. He was a laborer and lost his three brothers and one son in the war. He was the only one earning money for food for his family that includes his nephew and nieces.
According to Farooq last year WADAN started the TUP project asking all community members to participate in the Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA). The community elders introduced us to the WADAN as ultra-poor in the PRA. The WADAN-TUP team visited our house several times and I was selected as a beneficiary at first stage. In the second stage I was successfully selected in the lottery.
The team provided a productive cow and a 1,000 Afghani monthly stipend for livestock feed. They have also provided regular training on health and hygiene, livestock care, living within community, livelihood and saving money for the future.
The provincial TUP team trained us about how to keep the livestock and encouraged me to start saving income from selling the milk, yogurt, and cheese. My monthly savings are about 2,200 to 2,800 Afghanis. I have also become able to enrolled one daughter and one son in school.
Through TUP Farooq has become independent and self-sufficient. He is happy the TUP project has been implemented in his district as it directly helps poor people.
Supporting Civil Society Anti-Corruption and Civic Accountability Initiative in Population Registration Department (PRD) in Nangarhar Province
On Tuesday, February 28, 2017 The Welfare Association for the Development of Afghanistan (WADAN) signed a partnership agreement with Democracy International (DI) in Kabul. The contract was signed by Mr. Habibullah Wahidi–WADAN’s Programs Director and Mr. James Wasserstrom – DI’s Chief of Party.
The Supporting Civil Society Anti-Corruption and Civic Accountability Initiative in the Population Registration Department (PRD) is an anti-corruption intervention funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) through DI. The overall purpose of this initiative is to combat corruption, foster transparency and promote social accountability in the PRD in Nangarhar Province.
To achieve this goal, WADAN will apply a holistic three-pronged anti-corruption framework. First, WADAN will create demand for delivery of quality public services in PRD through public awareness and capacity development of relevant government officials, civil society organizations, women’s rights groups, human rights activists and youth unions. Second, WADAN will work to create a space for citizens’ voices to be heard through the establishment of a robust complaint registration mechanism. And third, WADAN will promote social accountability in the public service delivery process of Nangarhar’s Population Registration Department through the establishment of a functional oversight committee comprised of male and female members from the relevant government institutions, elected bodies and civil society organizations.
WADAN will implement this pilot anti-corruption initiative in close collaboration with the High Office of Oversight and Anti-Corruption, PRD, and other relevant stakeholders. The program started March 1, 2017 and will continue through June 30, 2017.